“They are an elusive source of creative energy inhabiting a supremely productive oeuvre that is an example, a model to all of us that the question is far more important than the answer?”

- David Greene, Archigram



FRAC Centre, France
Signum Foundation, Poland
M+ Archigram Archive, Hong Kong
Architectural Association Archive, London, England


Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, United States
ICA, London, England  
FRAC Centre Orleans, France
Barbican Centre, London, England
Onassis Cultural Center, Athens, Greece
Leonardo Da Vinci Science and Technology Museum, Milan, Italy
National Museum of Science and Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Deutsches Filminstitut & Filmmuseum, Frankfurt, Germany
Guangdong Science Centre, Guangzhou, China
Futura Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic
Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
Architecture Foundation, London, England
Zorlu Centre, Istanbul, Turkey


New York Times
Financial Times
BBC radio
Robert Elms Show
Wired Magazine
Fast Company
Blueprint Magazine
Icon Magazine
Creative Review
ABC News
CBS News
The Verge


Behaviours (forthcoming 2023)
Adaptive Ecologies: Correlated Systems of Living (2013)
Enabling (2010)

“Minimaforms’ precisely breathes an atmospheric dimension into architecture while endowing it with shifting anthropic contours.”

- Marie-Ange Brayer, Centre Pompidou


The studio was founded by brothers Stephen and Theodore Spyropoulos as a laboratory at the crossroads of art, design, science, and technology. Working at the forefront of contemporary practice, the brothers foreground human and emotive experiences through progressive works that enable curiosity, evolve, and are adaptive to ever-evolving needs. Their approach to design challenges disciplinary distinctions in the pursuit of more elemental and relational approaches to spatial interfacing. Research-led and generative in their conceptualization, Minimaforms projects engage complex problems through innovative and user-centric design.

DR. Theodore SpyropouLOS

Theodore is an architect and educator. He is the Director of the Architectural Association’s world-renowned Design Research Lab (AADRL) in London and resident artist at Somerset House. Theodore has previously chaired the AA Graduate School, was Professor of Architecture at the Staedelschule in Frankfurt and co-founded the AA’s New Media and Information Research Cluster. He has been a visiting Research Fellow at M.I.T.’s Center for Advanced Visual Studies and taught in the graduate school of UPENN, RCA Innovation Design Engineering Department and the University of Innsbruck. Theodore has previously worked for the offices of Peter Eisenman and Zaha Hadid. In 2013, the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture awarded him the ACADIA award of excellence for his educational work directing the AADRL. Theodore received his BArch with honours from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, his MArch from the Architectural Association and his PhD from UCL Bartlett School of Architecture.

Stephen Spyropoulos

Stephen is an artist, educator, and design leader who brings over twenty years of experience in building and scaling world-class teams, creating culture, design innovation, and solving complex human-centered problems. Stephen has built and led design teams at hyper-growth technology companies such as Compass, Gilt Groupe, HBC, and Heavy. He has directed projects for clients such as Samsung, Matador Records, The Beggars Group, and XL Records. Stephen was named Creative Review’s One to Watch and has exhibited and lectured about his work internationally. He has taught Design Thesis at Mason Gross School of the Arts; Rutgers University and currently is a resident artist at Somerset House. Stephen received an MA in Communication and Interaction Design at Central St. Martins School of Art and Design in London and his BFA with honours from Mason Gross School of the Arts, Rutgers University. 


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